Ive been planning this project for quite awhile now. Ive installed Ethernet Cabling 3 to 4 years ago but decided to upgrade the old cabling only because it was (CCA) Your probably wondering what CCA means? Well it means (Copper Clad Aluminum) or Copper Coated Aluminum, which isn’t real Copper its basically Aluminum coated with Copper which isn’t the best and its defiantly not to standards as Pure Copper Ethernet Cabling the problem is with CCA Ethernet Cabling is that it picks up more interference also won’t achieve 1gbps speeds with this sort of cabling. You will notice with some Ethernet cabling it causes coil whining or feedback through speakers and headphones when transferring data across the network or when uploading or downloading a file from the internet but other Ethernet Cables doesn’t. I think its probably interference or maybe just crappy cabling.
A lot of Ethernet cabling you buy on the market is Un-twisted Copper Clad Aluminum not the best stuff in my eyes it is (FAKE!) I personally wouldn’t recommend this CCA Ethernet Cabling for PoE (Power Over Ethernet) unless you fancy having a fire in your home or at your business. And it will be useless for CCTV Powerlines.
So i went out and bought some CAT6A Twisted Copper Ethernet cabling the cabling i bought is also Solid instead of Stranded the reason why i bought solid is because its easier to put under the floor boards or through walls or skirtings and use stranded cabling for Ethernet Wall sockets etc but i decided to just use solid for everything as it will last longer.
I bought CAT6 Connectors and started making my cables in B configuration as its a new Network i used B configuration only because its what people uses nowadays you can use A configuration all it is is Orange and Green switched around. For A Configuration its Green in Pin 1 or B Configuration Orange in Pin 1 its pretty straight forward.
Not just the Network i did work on I also did work on my VDSL Line and bought a BT MK4 Wall Socket using the CAT6A Ethernet cabling for the Phone Line which in better than British Telecoms Spec Cabling only because BT uses un-twisted CCA Cabling. Oh yes this CCA comes up again BT uses Copper Coated Aluminum Cabling which causes horrible noise on the Line which i recommend to keep noise on a line to a minimum or you’ll have problems with internet dropping out or crackling on your Land Line Phone. I also used CAT6 from the Wall Socket to the Router Home Hub 6 with a RJ12 to the MK4 & Hard wiring to A & B on the Wall Socket its pretty straight forward.
After changing all cabling to CAT6 Ethernet cable even for the VDSL Fibre Line I’ve noticed higher speeds also noticed that the Internet Connection no longer cuts out and a crisp clear line which is something you want.
British Telecom probably won’t like what I’ve done but hey they can’t do much about it. One thing i do recommend is that if your not confident enough to be in the world of Telecom wiring then i recommend getting a BT engineer in to do the job but then you will probably have the same issue again by using CCA Cabling. This was my first time doing Telecom cabling and engineering but its simple.
The job isn’t quite finished yet as I’ve got to tidy up the wiring in the cupboard and put some CAT6 Ethernet Wall Sockets up on the wall so got a lot more work to do.
The Old Faceplate for my old Line was in the Living but i moved the Faceplating by using CAT6 Ethernet Cabling and instead of using the old Faceplate i decided to buy a new Faceplate which is the BT Faceplate MK4 which supports RJ45 or RJ11 or RJ12 but i decided to hardwire the Router into the Faceplate with CAT6 Cabling.
I put two Shelfs up one with the router and External Drive, the second shelf has my Server on it which is used for storage and hosting my VPN and soon to be Web site. Im still waiting for a Network Switch to come which will be on the first shelf. Im wanting to move the main Ethernet cabling to a 1gbp switch instead of using the 1gbp Lan Ports.
Lets move onto the pictures,
So this is the Tool Kit i bought to do this project the reason why i bought this as there will be many more job to do for people. So i decided to spend £12 on this guy also bought from Ebay.
So the Ethernet Cabling i went with is CAT6A UTP Solid Twisted Copper Ethernet Cabling I bought this from a place called Kenable. It is High Quality Cable it came in a 100m Reel. It cost me around £40 here in the UK.
The Shoes i bought are just generic Shoes which fits CAT5e or CAT6 Ethernet cabling. Cost me £2 from Ebay.
The CAT6 Connectors costs me £2 from Ebay which are very nice. One thing to note that CAT5e & CAT6 Connectors are different.
Here are the RJ12 Connectors they have 6 pins unlike RJ11 the reason why i bought RJ12 connectors is because of the CAT6 Cabling is thinker but you can use CAT5e cabling with RJ11 connectors. The RJ12 Connectors cost me £2 from ebay.
The BT MK4 Faceplate which cost me £12 from Ebay.
Theres no need for Filters no more! Thats right the Filter is built into the Face plate. This Face plate supports both RJ45 & RJ12/RJ11 but can hard wire it to A & B inside the Face plate.
You will see that the Blue Wiring is connecting to A & Orange Wire is connecting to B on the back of the Faceplate this is for the Telephone line and BT has made them idiot proof only because there is no longer a IDC like on the older Faceplates there is no longer a 3rd wire that is because the ringer wire is no longer needed with Phones that are on the Market. Just push Blue to A & Orange to B then put the latch down and the IDC inside will clamp the wires its simple as that. When this picture was taken the cabling was BT spec. You will noticed that its un-twisted so had to be changed.
Now lets move onto the VDSL. You will notice that theres only two wires thats because this is DATA for your Router I’m using CAT6 with a RJ12 crimped onto the cable and hard wired the Blue into A & Blue White into B it really doesn’t matter which way you hardwire the cable into the Face Plate along as Blue White is in Pin 4 and Blue is in Pin 5 the only problem is with CAT6 cabling its much thicker wire so requires RJ12 but still quite hard to put on the connector. You will also notice that Orange is in Pin 1 & Orange White is in Pin 6 is because to make the connector a bit stronger but they are cut off on the Face Plate end.
The new Face Plate is on the Wall with Cat6 Ethernet cabling.
This is one of the cables I’m currently making. The colour code goes Orange White Pin 1, Orange Pin 2, Green White Pin 3, Blue Pin 4, Blue White Pin 5, Green Pin 6, White Brown Pin 7, Brown Pin 8. This is for B Configuration.
This is the first Ethernet Cable i made it took me awhile to get the hang of but got there eventually. I made this one without the Shoe on only because on my HP Probook 4540s the Ethernet Port is on upside down so hassle with a shoe on it.
This is another Ethernet Cabling i made with the Shoes on.
This is the finish result with all the Cables done but will be moving all Ethernet cables to a Switch. The DSL cable as you can see is also CAT6 which is Hard Wired into the Wall Socket.
So after making all the Ethernet cables I’ve connected to them in each room. Some of my devices such as Zgemma Box, Raspberry Pi only have 10/100 Ethernet NICs on them but other devices such as my hacks and MacBook has 1gbp when in sleep the hubs turn to Orange which is 10/100 but when on out of sleep they’re on Green.
After doing this i tested in Both macOS & Windows 10 to check if everything is working as it should. Windows detects the connection as UTP which is correct because the cabling is UTP anyway. In macOS the connection gets 890.55mbps. Which is better as i wasn’t even getting this with the old CCA Cabling.
So people before you go out and buy Ethernet Cabling for your home Networking or for your business make sure that its a proper twisted pair and proper Copper and not this CCA Fake Stuff.
I will update once I’ve finished everything. Im currently waiting for Cable Trunking to come and Ethernet wall Sockets. But a lot more work to do.
RJ45 CAT6 Wall Sockets came. I will install them once i get the time.
Added a Netgear GS105 instead of using LAN Ports on the Router. Reason why I’ve done this is because when the internet drops out which is rare anyway it causes the whole network to drop out because the LAN Ports on the Router drops out.